13 Hand-Picked Most Stunning Epic Castles In The World
Many castles were originally built from earth and timber, but had their defences replaced later by stone. Early castles often exploited natural defences, and lacked features such as towers and arrowslits and relied on a central keep. In the late 12th and early 13th centuries, a scientific approach to castle defence emerged. This led to the proliferation of towers, with an emphasis on flanking fire.
Many new castles were polygonal or relied on concentric defence – several stages of defence within each other that could all function at the same time to maximise the castle’s firepower. These changes in defence have been attributed to a mixture of castle technology from the Crusades, such as concentric fortification, and inspiration from earlier defences such as Roman forts. Not all the elements of castle architecture were military in nature, and devices such as moats evolved from their original purpose of defence into symbols of power. Some grand castles had long winding approaches intended to impress and dominate their landscape. We have collated 13 Most stunning Castles In The World You May Never Heard Before.
1 Castle Neuschwanstein – Germany
Neuschwanstein Castle in southern Bavaria Munich, is without doubt one of the most frequently photographed sights in Germany and is known all over the world as a symbol of idealised romantic architecture and for the tragic story of its owner. After losing sovereignty in his own kingdom, Ludwig II withdrew into his own world of myths, legend and fairytales.
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2 Hohenzollern Castle – Germany
The castle of Hohenzollern is located near the Swiss Alps about 50 km south of Stuttgart, the state capital of Baden-Württemberg. Until the end of World War 2 It is considered the residence of the dynasty Hohenzollern – rulers of Brandenburg and Prussia with roots originating back in the middle ages and later on Emperors of Germany. Geographically, the castle sits on top of mount Hohenzollern at 855 meters above sea level.
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3 Covadonga Cangas De Onís Asturias Castle – Spain
The sanctuary of Covadonga is located on the slope of Mount Auseva. It is the most visited place in Asturias, it is very close to the Lakes of Covadonga. Cangas de Onís is the starting point that leads to these beautiful places of the Asturian geography. Besides the Basilica of Covadonga , you can visit the cave where an image of the Virgin of Covadonga, the Santina, is as devotees call.
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4 Dracula’s Bran Castle Transylvania, Braşov – Romania
Surrounded by an aura of mystery and legend and perched high atop a 200-foot-high rock, Bran Castle owes its fame to its imposing towers and turrets as well as to the myth created around Bram Stocker’s Dracula.
Built on the site of a Teutonic Knights stronghold dating from 1212, the castle was first documented in an act issued by Louis I of Hungary on November 19, 1377, giving the Saxons of Kronstadt (Brasov) the privilege to build the Citadel.
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5 Burg Eltz Castle, Munstermaifeld – Germany
Visiting Burg Eltz Castle is like stepping into an enchanting fairy tale. You can hear the sounds of birds singing as you walk along the road through the forest. Suddenly, the forest opens up to reveal a cliff overlooking Burg Eltz. With Tudor style buildings and cone shaped roofs, Burg Eltz is one of the most beautiful castles in Germany.
The only way to view the interior of the castle is to purchase tickets in the gift shop for a guided tour. The tour begins in the castle courtyard and continues into the armory, which contains suits or armor, weapons including lances used in jousting tournaments, as well as other exquisite medieval items. The tour includes an opportunity visit to the Knights Hall. This room contains remarkable items including armor dating back to the 16th century, as well as panel paintings depicting scenes from the Old Testament. In addition, the Knights Hall is adorned with the Eltz family Coat of Arms.
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6 Schwerin Castle – Germany
Schwerin Castle (Schweriner Schloss) has been compared to the iconic, world famous castle of Mad King Ludwig, Neuschwanstein (or, the Swan Castle.) Surely, there can be no higher honor for a German castle than that! But the Castle is also famous for another reason…
Legends say that Schwerin Castle is haunted by a pint-sized ghost named Petermännchen. Petermännchen is a friendly spirit who is dressed in 17th century clothes and carries on his “person” many sets of keys. This ghost wanders through the underground halls, unlocking doors, and protecting against any intruders.
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7 Osaka Castle – Japan
Osaka Castle is widely known as an emblem of the power and fortune of Hideyoshi Toyotomi.
Hideyoshi Toyotomi was absolutely fascinated with gold. Accordingly, he ordered that gold be applied to furniture, weapons, armor, and furthermore, to the exterior of the Main Tower of Osaka Castle. Hideyoshi collaborated with Rikyu Sen, who worked for Hideyoshi as a tea-ceremony master, and completed the construction of a golden tea room, in which not only the walls, the pillars and the ceiling, but also the tea utensils were finished with gold.
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8 Castle De Haar In Haazzuilens, Utrecht – Netherlands
De Haar Castle, locally known as Kasteel de Haar, lies next to the village of Haarzuilens in the province of Utrecht in the Netherlands. De Haar Castle is probably the most visited castle in the Netherlands, after Muiden Castle. This Gothic fairy-tale castle we see today however was built from 1892 till 1912 with incorporation of the large 15th century ruins of the original castle.
De Haar Castle was founded in the 14th century on sediment deposits along a blind arm of the river Rhine. It was first mentioned in 1391. Originally the owner of De Haar Castle was a member of the Van de Haar family, who as a manservant of the Prince-bishop of Utrecht, had enough prestige to have a fortified residence built for himself and his family.
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9 Chateau De Chambord, Chambord – France
For full-blown château splendour, you can’t top Chambord, one of the crowning examples of French Renaissance architecture, and by far the largest, grandest and most visited château in the Loire Valley. Begun in 1519 as a weekend hunting lodge by François I, it quickly snowballed into one of the most ambitious (and expensive) architectural projects ever attempted by any French monarch. This cityscape of turrets, chimneys and lanterns crowns some 440 rooms, 365 fireplaces and 84 staircases, including a famous double-helix staircase , reputedly designed by the king’s chum, Leonardo da Vinci.
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10 Dunrobin Castle, Golspie Sutherland – Scotland
Dunrobin Castle is the most northerly of Scotland’s great houses and the largest in the Northern Highlands with 189 rooms. Dunrobin Castle is also one of Britain’s oldest continuously inhabited houses dating back to the early 1300s, home to the Earls and later, the Dukes of Sutherland.
The Castle, which resembles a French chateâu with its towering conical spires, has seen the architectural influences of Sir Charles Barry, who designed London’s Houses of Parliament, and Scotland’s own Sir Robert Lorimer. The Castle was used as a naval hospital during the First World War and as a boys’ boarding school from 1965 to 1972. Dunrobin Castle is on the east coast of the Northern Highlands overlooking the Moray Firth, just north of the villages of Golspie and Dornoch.
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11 Himeji Castle, Hyōgo Prefecture – Japan
The castle at Himeji is an iconic image of Japan and one of the finest examples of fortress architecture in the world. It stands at the center of Himeji city, a strategic point along the route to the western provinces of Honshu (the main island of Japan). The castle was built atop a natural 45-meter hill called Himeyama, and its main donjon (tower) rises an additional 31 meters. From afar, the graceful rooflines of its white towers resemble a flock of herons in flight, suggesting the castle’s proper name—”Egret Castle” (Shirasagi).
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12 Prague Castle – Czech Republic
Prague Castle, founded around 880 AD, is the largest medieval castle in Europe and was once the seat of the Kings of Bohemia. Today, the President of the Czech Republic rules from here. And it is also Prague’s premier tourist attraction.
Prague Castle (Pražský Hrad) is located in the Castle District (Hradčany), which is above the Lesser Town (Malá Strana). It covers over 7 hectares (18 acres) and is centred around three great courtyards. The dominant building within the complex, and the most recognisable landmark in the city, is St. Vitus Cathedral. To some visitors St. Vitus is Prague Castle, but it is only the start.
Visitors can wander around the courtyards of Prague Castle for free, but to enter the historic buildings and to gain a true understanding of their history, you should visit the castle as part of a guided tour. You can also purchase a self-guided ticket and attend a classical concert.
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13 Mont Saint Michel Castle – France
As far as castles and historical monuments go, Mont Saint Michel is at the top of the pile. The rock upon which the castle and all the structures of Mont Saint Michel are built measures a height of 84 meters.
Mont Saint Michel illuminated at night embodies an entirely different kind of beauty. As said, Le Mont Saint Michel is – after Paris – the number one tourist attraction of France. Having visited Mont Saint Michel, I can never get enough looking at it.
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